Pongal is a harvest pageant that’s celebrated by Indians all the world over, however particularly in south India. The 4 day event is noticed within the month of Thai, when crops akin to rice are harvested and other people present their gratitude to the almighty and the generosity of the land.
The phrase Pongal means ‘overflow’ or ‘boiling over’ and likewise signifies the gradual heating of the Earth by the Solar. This pageant, which is also called Thai Pongal, begins on January 14 this 12 months and can culminate on January 17. The festivities start with folks boiling the harvested rice after which making an providing to the Solar God as their method of displaying regard and appreciation.
Customs and traditions
Tamilians have fun the event by making conventional designs referred to as kolams of their houses with rice powder. This powder is obtainable in white in addition to varied different colors. The kolams are drawn to welcome goddess Lakshmi, who’s believed to convey wealth, prosperity and happiness into the family. For the customary celebrations, varied forms of dishes utilizing rice, jaggery and lentils are ready. Being a holy month, many want to get married through the month of Pongal.
The primary day of the pageant is devoted to god Indra. An enormous bonfire is lit and stored burning all through the night time. Choices are ready for the lord and ‘Bhogi Kottus’ or buffalo-skin drums are overwhelmed as folks experience conventional people songs and dances. Homes are embellished with kolams and cow-dung balls with yellow pumpkin flowers set on them.
Day two is devoted to the Solar god and a particular harvest dish manufactured from rice, jaggery, turmeric and lentils is made and dropped at boil until it spills over in mud pots. This particular dish, with sugarcane sticks known as Sakkarai pongal. Legend goes that Lord Sundareshwar breathed life right into a stone elephant within the temple of Madurai on at the present time.
The third day of the pageant is to honour and present gratitude in the direction of the cattle inventory. Elaborate and vibrant garlands and bells are tied across the necks of cows earlier than performing the rituals. The favored cattle race jallikattu takes place on at the present time.
On the fourth and the final day referred to as Kaanum, which implies ‘to go to’, folks come collectively and maintain grand unions. Landlords provide cash, items and garments to their tenants and brothers convey their regards to their married sisters. The pageant is well known along with close to and pricey ones and households spend high quality time collectively.
Legends and mythology
It’s believed that deities wakened after a six-month sleep round this time and males who expired throughout this era achieved mukti or moksha. The pageant marks the Uttarayana or the graduation of the solar’s six-month journey in the direction of the north.
As per one other fashionable legend, it’s believed that lord Shiva requested his bull Basava to go to Earth and inform the boys of the land to take an oil bathtub on a regular basis and have meals as soon as a month for six months. Nonetheless, as a result of Basava’s carelessness the bull ended up mixing the 2 and conveyed a message that every one ought to eat day by day and take an oil bathtub each as soon as a month. This infuriated the lord and he punished the bull by cursing him to help people in ploughing the fields. This is the reason cattle inventory is worshipped and tamed within the fashionable sport Jallikattu.
Nonetheless, there’s one other story that states that lord Krishna requested the cowherds to not worship Indra god, to be able to train him a lesson. Indra’s vanity had risen after he was made the king of all deities. In his anger, he made the clouds convey thunderstorms and rains for 3 days, however Krishna protected the folks by lifting the Govardhan mountain. This made Indra god realise his mistake and Krishna’s energy.