Pageant de Cannes 2022


Vying with the Mostra to counter the fascist menace

In July 1938, the Venice Mostra, the primary worldwide competitors devoted to the movie world, noticed the most important pre-war film-producing nations collect collectively for the sixth time. France was represented with a sequence of movies, and on the jury by the diplomat Philippe Erlanger and the journalist René Jeanne.

On the closing day, the jury huddled collectively to resolve on the winners. An American movie emerged because the unanimous favorite, however below stress from Hitler, the Nazi propaganda movie Olympia by Leni Riefenstahl and the Italian movie Luciano Serra, pilota by Goffredo Alessandrini reaped the final word accolade, named the Mussolini Cup. The choice provoked outrage among the many members representing democratic nations and France, america and Nice Britain left the Mostra, vowing to not return.

Throughout his practice journey again to France, Philippe Erlanger, nonetheless surprised by occasions, considered establishing an occasion to interchange the Mostra and provide the world a pageant that was freed from stress and constraints. On his return, he contacted the authorities. There was no time to waste – a rival French pageant was required earlier than the following Venice competitors got here round.


From September 1938 to Might 1939, the initiative turned a real State affair. Georges Bonnet, the International Minister whose remit included worldwide occasions, was afraid of poisoning Franco-Italian relations, however the Training Minister Jean Zay, and Minister of the Inside Albert Sarraut, supported the concept of a movie pageant for Europe by which artwork would not be influenced by political manoeuvring. In June 1939, the creation of a movie pageant in France was introduced within the media, supported by numerous film-producing nations, led by america, and scheduled to open on 1st September – the identical day because the Mostra, which left just a few months to arrange your complete occasion.

Memo written for the Board of the Affiliation française d’motion artistique
© FDC

Cannes: Caught between Venice and Hollywood

France clearly needed to create a setting as prestigious as Venice for its rival pageant. Out of a listing of ten French cities, the selection initially fell on Biarritz on 9 Might 1939. However the supporters of Cannes, led by Georges Prade, a municipal councillor from Paris, and the administrators of the Cannes motels, weren’t about to surrender. They mobilised and eventually ended up profitable the occasion. And so, on 31 Might 1939, the city of Cannes and the federal government signalled the official start of the Worldwide Movie Pageant, a mere three months earlier than the occasion’s inauguration date. The ‘Pearl of the Riviera’, a jewel on a shoreline typically in contrast with California, started to dream of Hollywood.

Correspondence of Georges Prade
© FDC

1939, the Pageant is cancelled

The primary Pageant of 1939 was initially scheduled to happen from 1 to twenty September 1939 within the corridor of the Municipal On line casino, below the honorary presidency of the daddy of cinematography, Louis Lumière. An organising committee was set as much as handle the occasion, headed by Georges Huisman, president of the State Secretariat for the Positive Arts.

The emphasis was on the common spirit of the occasion: every nation would select its personal movies to current in Competitors, the jury would characterize all of the contributors and all of the nations in attendance would obtain a Grand Prix, within the spirit of inventive objectivity and absolute impartiality. In order to keep away from any additional tensions, France invited all film-producing nations, together with Germany and Italy. Nonetheless, within the context of the political disaster that marked the summer season of 1939, the 2 fascist powers declined the invitation and in the end solely 9 nations lined up to participate within the first ever Pageant, though these included probably the most highly effective nations in your complete movie trade.

In August, regardless of the worldwide tensions, all the pieces was in place for the opening. Native artist Jean-Gabriel Domergue created a primary official poster within the type of an ‘Invitation to journey,’ two thousand invites had been despatched out, and a transatlantic liner rented by Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) docked within the Bay of Cannes, with passengers together with the American stars Tyrone Energy, Gary Cooper, Douglas Fairbanks, George Raft, Paul Muni, Norma Shearer and Mae West on board. These distinguished first festival-goers revelled in a heady ambiance of luxurious and wonderful sunshine.

And but the 1939 occasion would by no means happen. On 23rd August, as a stupefied world discovered of the German-Soviet Pact, many of the vacationers fled Cannes. Regardless of the gravity of the state of affairs, the Pageant committee organised a personal screening of the one movie to function within the pageant, the primary ever movie in Competitors, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame by William Dieterle.

The day on which the Pageant was to be inaugurated, 1st September, Germany invaded Poland. The opening was postponed by ten days however this choice was quickly overtaken by occasions. Battle was declared on third September and a basic mobilisation received underway. The Pageant choice, which by no means even received off the bottom, included movies as illustrious as The Wizard of Oz by Victor Fleming, Solely Angels Have Wings by Howard Hawks, Union Pacific by Cecil B. DeMille for america and Lenin in October by Mikhaïl Romm for the USSR, The 4 Feathers) by Zoltan Korda for Nice Britain, La Loi du Nord by Jacques Feyder, L’Enfer des anges by Christian-Jaque and Julien Duvivier’s La Charrette fantôme for France.

It was solely in 2002 that the prizes had been lastly awarded to those movies, throughout a tribute ceremony for this forgotten choice. Totally 63 years after the occasion, the 1939 Palme d’or was unanimously awarded to Cecil B. DeMille’s Union Pacific by a Jury presided by Jean D’Ormesson.

Official poster of the 1939 Worldwide Movie Pageant
© Jean-Gabriel Domergue / ADAGP

1946, the primary post-war Pageant

In early 1940, regardless of the declaration of warfare and nationwide mobilisation, the Cannes authorities, led by Philippe Erlanger, tried to maintain the Pageant challenge alive. On the diplomatic entrance, France first got down to receive the settlement of Italy, whose place within the battle was not but official. To everybody’s shock, Mussolini accepted, given that the French competitors didn’t coincide with the Mostra.

Nonetheless, it was to not be. On 10 June, the Duce declared warfare on France and Nice Britain, thus suspending advert infinitum an occasion whose organisation was already severely beset by logistical issues created by the warfare: an absence of appropriations, disorganised provides, a scarcity of movie tools, and transport situations that discouraged French and international stars from travelling, to not point out the requisition of the Municipal On line casino by the military…

It was not till 1946, with post-war France in a benighted state, that the Worldwide Movie Pageant, initially launched 9 years earlier by Philippe Erlanger, lastly passed off for the primary time, starting on 20 September.

‘The world threw itself into this primary pageant in a state of near-intoxication, below a solar that shone continually till mid-October.’ (Philippe Erlanger)

The festivities, opened within the gardens of the Grand Hôtel by the American singer Grace Moore, continued all through the competitors, with a number of entertaining occasions which created a cosmopolitan, festive ambiance across the first Festivals, with fireworks, torchlit parades, promenades, doves launched into the sky, flower battles on the Croisette, air shows, vogue exhibits and the election of the primary Miss Pageant, to call however a number of…

The organisation of the Competitors, based mostly on the rules laid down in 1939, featured 19 nations and a global jury presided by Georges Huisman. Whereas the screenings held within the Municipal On line casino had been disrupted by technical hitches because of the lack of preparation time, each nation represented left with a Grand Prix and this primary Pageant completed on a unanimous be aware of success, from the viewpoint each of the press and the international delegations.

The Pageant de Cannes had solely come into existence however its story was already starting to function the best names within the cinema of the day, together with Roberto Rossellini, Walt Disney, Billy Wilder, George Cukor, David Lean, Jean Renoir and lots of others…

The 50s: sequins, censorship and the Chilly Battle

‘The Pageant’s purpose is to encourage the event of the cinematographic artwork in all its varieties, and create and foster a spirit of collaboration between all film-producing nations’ (extract from the Pageant laws, 1948)

Whereas the primary few Festivals had been primarily society occasions, by which virtually each movie that was screened picked up a prize, the sight of stars from all 4 corners of the globe processing up the well-known crimson steps and the fixed swarm of media consideration quickly turned it right into a world-famous, legendary occasion. Within the 50s, the Pageant’s recognition exploded nonetheless additional because of the presence of celebrities equivalent to Kirk Douglas, Sophia Loren, Grace Kelly, Brigitte Bardot, Cary Grant, Romy Schneider, Alain Delon, Simone Signoret, Gina Lollobrigida and Pablo Picasso, who flocked to the brand new ‘Palais Croisette’* which had been inaugurated for the 1949 season.

Nonetheless, this was above all the last decade by which the Pageant was subjected to the vicissitudes of the Chilly Battle. Away from the sequins and the early scandals, the movies supplied a giant display screen onto which the Jap Bloc and the West projected their face-off. With a view to keep away from diplomatic incidents when it comes to the movie choice, the organisers added an article to the Pageant laws authorising the withdrawal of a movie, below sure situations. The committee had recourse to this selection eleven occasions in the course of the 50s, with a report in 1956, with no fewer than six movies censored. From the next 12 months onwards, the organisers determined to take away the article altogether from the laws, thus paving the best way for a brand new period within the Pageant, by which consideration to the movies’ cinematographic high quality trumped any diplomatic concerns.

Apart from the tense local weather, which made it tough for these works to coexist aspect by aspect, the Pageant within the 50s additionally needed to cope with the emergence of a lot of different French and European opponents, which obliged it to adapt and innovate continually with the intention to keep its supremacy. It was because of such rivalry that the 1948 and 1950 occasions had been cancelled on account of lack of funds, and that the occasion was moved to the spring, to be held in Might, from 1952 onwards.

From 1947 to 1954, the jury was made up completely of French celebrities. with all of the alternatives of the Worldwide Competitors vying for only one Grand Prix. Nonetheless, plenty of secondary prizes had been awarded in numerous classes: the leisure prize, the fictional documentary prize, the movie story greatest informed in photos, a poetic humour prize, the legendary movie prize and the explorer’s movie. Rewards went particularly to technical improvements with the appearance of movies in color and in cinemascope format, however the whimsical nature of the prizes drew a lot criticism. To counter these broadsides, the Pageant authorities returned to a extra conventional prize-giving association in 1954 and in 1955, it was a jury made up of international celebrities from the movie trade* that awarded the primary Palme d’or within the Pageant’s historical past to Delbert Mann’s Marty.

Palais des Festivals (Palais Croisette)
© Archives / AFP

The 60s: the Malraux years

Daring alternatives

In 1959, to mark the institution of the fifth Republic in France 1959, Tradition Minister André Malraux discovered himself heading the Pageant organisation and accountable for approving the choice of French movies. Malraux was nicely conscious of developments within the movie trade and opened the competitors as much as a brand new era of administrators, equivalent to François Truffaut, who garnered a prize for The 400 Blows in 1959. Malraux additionally pushed via the choice of daring and politically charged works equivalent to Hiroshima mon amour (1959) and The Battle is Over (1966) by Alain Resnais, Chris Marker’s Le Joli mai, and above all The Nun by Jacques Rivette (1966), which triggered one of many best scandals of the day alongside the outcry provoked by Federico Fellini’s La Dolce Vita, The Journey by Michelangelo Antonioni in 1960 and Luis Buñuel’s Viridiana in 1961.

Across the identical time, Robert Favre Le Bret (the Pageant’s Normal Delegate) started to journey the world with the intention to enrich the choice – a worthwhile technique which nonetheless works to today and has enabled the Pageant to ask stars equivalent to Bette Davis, Joan Crawford, John Wayne, Kirk Douglas and Sean Connery to the Croisette, and in addition to bask within the mirrored glory of movies equivalent to The Birds by Alfred Hitchcock (1963), This Sporting Life by Lindsay Anderson, The Leopard by Luchino Visconti and 8 ½ by Federico Fellini…

Inbetween artwork and trade

On the Pageant, all eyes had been on the movies and stars, however for André Malraux, movie was additionally an trade and a enterprise. In 1959, he granted official standing to the Marché du movie which had been held in secret since 1946 within the cinemas on rue d’Antibes. By welcoming movie trade professionals into the Palais and inspiring them to community, the Pageant took on a brand new overt function in selling the movie trade.

Might 68: rebel takes to the stage

Within the late 60s, France was beset by a deep social malaise, which boiled over on the night time of 10-11 Might 1968. However, the twenty first Pageant de Cannes opened on 11 Might with a screening of the restored copy of Victor Fleming’s 1939 masterpiece Gone with the Wind. However the occasion quickly descended right into a discussion board for conferences and protest. The members of the jury resigned, and several other administrators withdrew their movies. On 19 Might 1959 at noon, the Pageant was interrupted after Louis Malle, François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Berri, Milos Forman, Roman Polanski, and Claude Lelouch prevented the screening of Peppermint frappé by Carlos Saura, clinging to the crimson curtain on the stage to maintain it closed

Be aware: On the fringes of the Official Choice, two impartial movie alternatives emerged within the 60s, the Semaine Internationale de la Critique in 1962 and the Administrators’ Fortnight in 1969.

Because of the occasions, Pageant postpones the screening of Peppermint Frappé and Trilogy
© FDC

The 70s: carving out a brand new identification

After the uproar and protests of 1968, the Pageant organisers got here to know the significance of modernising, in tune with the concepts in vogue on the time, beginning with artistic freedom in movie. The movies chosen in 1969, largely based mostly round revolutionary themes, captured this ambiance of protest, as did the awards that 12 months, which went to If by Lindsay Anderson, Dennis Hopper’s Simple Rider and Z by Costa-Gavras.

In 1972, Robert Favre Le Bret turned President of the Pageant de Cannes and Maurice Bessy took over from him as Normal Delegate. On taking on his function, he opted to diversify the Choice to embody different classes of movie. This led in flip to the 1973 initiative ‘Views du cinéma français’ and the ‘Les Yeux fertiles’ part selling movies on different artwork varieties. In 1973, the Pageant itself additional asserted its independence by turning into the only real decision-maker within the Official Choice, whereas till then, the movies eligible for the Choice had been designated by their nation of origin. In 1976, two new parallel sections had been born: ‘L’Air du temps’, that includes movies based mostly on present occasions, and ‘Le passé compose’, for compilation works.

► As an affiliation below the 1901 Legislation, managed by a Board of Administrators, the Pageant de Cannes was recognised as a public service in 1972.

In the meantime on stage, as a part of the celebrations of 75 years of French movie, tributes had been paid to Charlie Chaplin and Groucho Marx, who had been distinguished with the Légion d’honneur in 1971 and 1972. Amongst all of the dinner jackets, the producers of Woodstock performed the function of hippies, Francis Ford Coppola earned a Grand Prix for The Dialog in 1974 and a Palme d’or for Apocalypse Now in 1979, whereas alongside Paul Newman, Robert Redford and Dustin Hoffman, Gérard Depardieu and Robert de Niro had been simply starting to make a reputation for themselves…

In 1978, Gilles Jacob was appointed Normal Delegate, and started a sequence of initiatives that may lengthy mark the identification of the Pageant – introducing stars to the jury, lowering the period of the occasion and the variety of movies Out of Competitors, the grouping of parallel sections inside the Un Sure Regard choice, the creation of the Caméra d’or prize for debut movies throughout all classes, and the introduction of shock movies and midnight screenings.

Simple Rider, Dennis Hopper
© RR

The 80s: the fashionable period

Below the route of the Gilles Jacob and Pierre Viot, appointed President in 1984, the Pageant renewed its willpower to hunt out new abilities and defend freedom of expression, in order that movies from all 4 corners of the globe may discover a voice at Cannes.

The alternatives started to function nations as various because the Philippines, China, Cuba, Australia, India, New Zealand and Argentina amongst others and annually, the competitors gave filmmakers a possibility to earn worldwide recognition alongside famend professionals. These years noticed the emergence of big new abilities equivalent to Alain Corneau, André Téchiné, Stephen Frears, Leos Carax, Lars Von Trier, Spike Lee, Jim Jarmusch and Emir Kusturica.

The roll-call of different already well-known names in attendance included Sergio Leone, Theo Angelopoulos, Bertrand Tavernier, Peter Greenaway, Ettore Scola, the Taviani Brothers, Nikita Mikhalkov, Woody Allen, Jean-Luc Godard, Bernardo Bertolucci, Milos Forman, Francesco Rosi, John Huston, Andrzej Wajda , James Ivory, Andreï Tarkovski, Ken Loach, Andrzej Zulawski, Andrzej Wajda and Akira Kurosawa, who was honoured for Kagemusha (The Shadow Warrior), and Wim Wenders’ Paris, Texas, probably the most extremely acclaimed Palme of the last decade.

In 1987, the fortieth anniversary Pageant was presided by Yves Montand and paid tribute to the maestro Federico Fellini. The closing ceremony is unlikely to be forgotten any time quickly. As he was receiving his extremely controversial Palme d’or for Below the Solar of Devil, Maurice Pialat, his fist raised, responded to the jeers of the general public with a retort that has gone down in historical past: ‘You don’t like me? Nicely, let me inform you that I don’t such as you both!’

Two years later, in 1989, the primary Cinéma & liberté discussion board introduced 100 administrators collectively in Cannes for a serious debate to have a good time the autumn of the Berlin Wall and the anniversary of the Declaration of Human and Citizen’s Rights. They addressed the topic of freedom of expression. Théo Angelopoulos, Bernardo Bertolucci, Yves Boisset, Youssef Chahine, Jerry Schatzberg, Wim Wenders, Emir Kusturica, and Ettore Scola, amongst others, additionally signed a declaration protesting towards all types of censorship nonetheless present on this planet.

A brand new Palais for a brand new period

The trendy period of the Pageant started with a symbolic change of venue. For the reason that finish of the 70s, and given the rising success of the occasion, the authorities had determined that ultimately a brand new Palais can be required. On the finish of the 1982 Pageant, the triumph of E.T., the Further-Terrestrial by Steven Spielberg, marked the final screening on the Palais Croisette, which might be demolished in 1988.


The brand new constructing, designed by Druet and Bennett, was accomplished in 1983 and named the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, or the ‘Bunker’ to these within the know. The constructing was baptised with the screening of Martin Scorsese’s The King of Comedy.

The brand new cinema halls, from the two,400-seater Grand Théâtre Lumière to the 1,000-seater Claude Debussy auditorium, helped unfold the Pageant’s affect nonetheless additional, as did the continued growth of the Marché du movie which turned the world’s most necessary movie honest, with over 2,000 exhibitors and 600 day by day projections on the finish of the last decade. Round this time, the procession of the celebs up the 24 well-known crimson steps turned a real Cannes ritual, broadcast by the media all over the world.

Maurice Pialat, Palme d’or – Sous le Soleil de Devil – Carole Bouquet
© Christophe Simon / AFP

The 90s: the world onscreen

The awards now included administrators from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the nations of the previous Jap Bloc, stimulated by the opening up of the previous USSR, with administrators equivalent to Pavel Lungin and Vitaly Kanevsky. Essentially the most glittering success of the last decade fell to Asian administrators: Chen Kaige earned the Palme with Farewell my Concubinewhereas Zhang Yimou’s To Stay and Shanghai Triad additionally featured among the many prizewinners. Hou Hsiao-hsien’s The Puppetmaster picked up the Jury Prize and the choice of Completely happy Collectively introduced Wong Kar-wai to prominence. In the meantime, Cambodian director Rithy Panh picked up a Particular Point out for Rice Folks.

Within the West, the boycott of the Pageant by the large American gamers in retaliation for the GATT accords (a picture quota which Europe and France wished to impose within the identify of cultural exception) gave American impartial cinema a foothold on the Croisette: in 1991, Joel and Ethan Coen garnered the Palme d’or for Barton Fink and three years later, Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction de Quentin Tarantino dominated the Prizewinners.

The Cannes alternatives continued to color a portrait of the period with socially engaged works that sparked debate on the Croisette at any time when the cameras targeted on historical past or present occasions, for instance with Land and Freedom by Ken Loach, La Haine by Mathieu Kassovitz, Emir Kusturica’s Underground, Ulysses’ Gaze by Theo Angelopoulos, Jungle Fever by Spike Lee and Welcome to Sarajevo by Michael Winterbottom.


Following the inauguration by Francesco Rosi of La Leçon de Cinéma in 1991, plenty of prestigious administrators lined as much as share their views on their inventive careers and imaginative and prescient of cinema. The primary Leçon de Musique was given in 2003 by Nicola Piovani and the primary Performing Masterclass by Max Von Sydow in 2004.

Barton Fink, Palme d’or Unanimité – Ethan, Joel Coen
© DR

1997: The Pageant’s fiftieth Anniversary

To mark the fiftieth anniversary ceremony, all of the Palme d’or-winning administrators gathered on stage to award the Palme des Palmes to Ingmar Bergman. In his absence, it fell to Liv and Linn Ulmann, his spouse and daughter, to obtain the trophy. On the closing ceremony, Youssef Chahine was awarded the fiftieth anniversary Prize for The Future (Al Massir) and for his whole œuvre, from the President of the Jury, Isabelle Adjani. Style of Cherry by Abbas Kiarostami and The Eel by Shohei Imamura had been joint winners of the Palme.

À la clôture, c’est à Youssef Chahine de recevoir le Prix du 50e anniversaire pour son Destin (Al Massir) et pour l’ensemble de son œuvre, des mains de la Présidente du Jury, Isabelle Adjani. Le Goût de la cerise (Ta’m e guilass) de Abbas Kiarostami et L’Anguille (Unagi) de Shohei Imamura remportent la Palme ex-aequo.


In 1998, the last decade ended by seeking to the long run with Gilles Jacob’s creation of a brand new choice of quick and medium-length movies from movie faculties from all 4 corners of the globe, named the ‘Cinéfondation’. The initiative expanded in 2000 with the opening of the Résidence, by which younger administrators got here to shine their writing and screenplays. 2005 noticed the addition of the Atelier, which helps twenty administrators per 12 months discover funding for his or her movies.

The Palme of Palmes for Ingmar Bergman – Linn Ullmann and Liv Ullmann
© AFP/Cartier – Patrick Hertzog / AFP

The twenty first century: a brand new millennium

In 2000 the brand new millennium was ushered in by a three-act opening ceremony! And to mark the event, the Pageant de Cannes ventured into the brand new period with a modified group. Gilles Jacob was voted President and succeeded Pierre Viot, who had occupied the function since 1985 following on from Robert Favre Le Bret. From 2001 to 2005, he was supported in his function by Managing Director Véronique Cayla and Inventive Delegate Thierry Frémaux. The brand new administration group redirected the main target of the occasion in order to assist the wants of movie and professionals all through the world, and have become more and more conscious of the significance of renewal in getting ready for the long run, notably when it comes to technological advances.

The brand new millennium would witness the fixed growth of the Marché du Movie and the creation of the Village Worldwide, a discussion board for international filmmaking launched in 2000, initially with 12 nations however consists of round 60 as we speak.

Following an initiative by Thierry Frémaux, the historic works initially screened within the context of themed retrospectives had been offered from 2004 as a part of ‘Cannes Classics’ that includes restored copies, homages to varied filmmaking industries across the globe and documentaries on the cinema.

In 2007, to have a good time the sixtieth 12 months of the Pageant, 33 of the world’s best administrators gathered collectively on the stage of the Grand Théâtre Lumière after being invited to participate within the anniversary movie Chacun son cinéma, via directing a 3-minute quick on the theme of the cinema corridor. The anniversary additionally supplied the event to mirror on the cinema of the long run at a convention which introduced collectively 300 professionals to debate new digital points. The occasion additionally noticed the inauguration of a brand new cinema corridor on the roof of the Riviera, which to today remains to be often known as the ‘Salle du Soixantième’.

 

Photocall: the 33 administrators of “To Every his Personal Cinema”
© FDC

In July 2007, the Board of Administrators appointed Thierry Frémaux Normal Delegate of the Pageant. He created the brand new entity ‘Cannes Court docket Métrage in 2010 to carry collectively the Brief Movie competitors and the Brief Movie Nook to supply an entire panorama of world creativity in brief movie sector at Cannes.

Ever eager to assist and promote internationally chosen movies, Thierry Frémaux has additionally devoted his energies to his plans to showcase the ‘Official Choice’ all over the world. Thus in 2009, along with the Marché du Movie, he launched La Semana de Cine del Pageant de Cannes, organised annually in Buenos Aires, similtaneously Ventana Sur and linked up with Movies de Cannes à Bucarest launched by Romanian director Cristian Mungiu in 2010.

In January 2014, Pierre Lescure was elected President of the Pageant de Cannes by the Board of Administrators, taking on from Gilles Jacob, who was named Honorary President and President of the Cinéfondation from 1 July 2014.

In Might 2017, the Pageant celebrated its 70th season below the aegis of the brand new duo. To have a good time getting into this new decade, round 100 artists (Palmes d’or winners, laureates, Presidents and members of the jury) met for an unbelievable photocall and celebrated cinema at an anniversary night on the Grand Théâtre Lumière.

Best-of26.05.2017 . 12:08 PM

The Best-of the Day of the 70th Anniversary

2020,  a “Cannes Special” year

Due to the coronavirus pandemic that swept the world in 2020, the Festival scheduled to take place from 12 to 23 May could not be held. Initially postponed until July in the hope that an improvement in the health situation would allow it to go ahead, the event was finally obliged to reinvent itself and take on a completely different form in order to respect the government measures in force.

A Special Selection

In light of this unprecedented situation, the Festival was more determined than ever to affirm its role of support for cinematographic creation by maintaining its Official Selection. A unique Selection composed of 56 feature films and 28 shorts grouped under the name “Cannes 2020” which has been able to travel the globe thanks to the unprecedented solidarity that has been established between festivals and major film events.

An online Marché du Film

Another key annual event on the Croisette, the Marché du Film and its Village International also had to be reinvented and were held for the first time from 22 to 26 June in a 100% online version.

Renamed Marché du Film Online for the occasion, the successful event allowed film industry professionals from all over the world to gather around numerous virtual happenings: round tables, conferences, screenings and 2.0 negotiations.

3 days of “Cannes Special”

From 27 to 29 October, the Festival and the town’s Mayor, David Lisnard, driven by the common desire not to see 2020 as a wasted year for cinema, mobilised to organise a more modest version of the event.

This “Cannes Special 2020”, open to the general public and dedicated to discovery, welcomed 11 short films and 17 films from the Cinéfondation school, which held their own competition, screenings, a jury composed of Damien Bonnard, Rachid Bouchareb, Claire Burger, Charles Gillibert, Dea Kulumbegashvili and Céline Sallette, and finally their own prize list. Catdog directed by Ashmita Guha Neogi won the Cinefondation’s first prize, and Egypt’s Sameh Alaa won the Palme d’or for short film for his film I am Afraid to Forget Your Face.

Four films from the Official Selection were also shown on the screens of the Grand Théâtre Lumière to mark the occasion: Un triomphe  (The Big Hit) by Emmanuel Courcol, Les Deux Alfred (French Tech) by Bruno Podalydès, Asa Ga Kuru (True Mothers) by Japanese director Naomi Kawase, and Beginning by Georgian director Dea Kulumbegashvili.

Thierry Frémaux, Pierre Lescure and David Lisnard declare the “Cannes 2020 Special” edition open
© RR

Illustrations

Correspondance of Georges Prade, which can be consulted in the Festival Administrative Archives at the Cinema Library:   FIFA 1 B1

Telegram from Louis Lumière: FIFA 911 B147

Documents from May 68: FIFA 1123 B170

 



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