Indian cities are going through urgent challenges that should be addressed urgently: Dikshu C. Kukreja, Managing Principal, CPKA


London is celebrating Europe’s greatest structure pageant, India has been invited for the primary time on the London Competition of Structure (LFA). LFA is the most important structure pageant of Europe the place all the perfect minds of the architect diaspora congregate to share information and have a good time greatest architectural endeavours all the world over. This yr the pageant is being held at varied areas throughout London from 1st June to thirtieth June.

Dikshu C. Kukreja, a grasp architect and his agency CPKA represented India within the LFA. On this interview, he provides perception concerning the significance of India being invited on the London Competition of Structure for the primary time, in addition to provides us a peek into his future tasks. Excerpts: 

CPKA is the primary and solely Indian structure and design agency to be chosen to exhibit on the London Competition of Structure. How essential is that this milestone for you – and India?

The London Competition of Structure (LFA) is without doubt one of the world’s foremost structure and design festivals. It’s a month-long celebration of structure and city-making that takes place yearly in June throughout town of London. We’re grateful to be the primary and solely Indian structure and design observe to be invited to exhibit at LFA – a very great event and alternative to convey Indian design to the worldwide stage. The exhibition will go a good distance in showcasing the scales and concrete improvement alternatives which can be arising in India to a worldwide viewers, offering a promising imaginative and prescient for the world to think about India as a beneficial funding vacation spot.

What’s the overarching theme and intent behind CPKA’s exhibition?

The theme of our exhibition on the London Competition of Structure is ‘5 Many years of India’s Constructed Surroundings’. It would take guests by way of 5 many years of transformations in India’s constructed material by way of a curated choice of our works, from our landmark buildings within the Nineteen Seventies to the present-day buildings targeted on sustainability and cutting-edge innovation. By showcasing a wide selection of tasks throughout timelines, we’ll deconstruct histories and current insights and spotlight progressive structure that impacts the previous, current and way forward for India. Furthermore, by presenting modern tasks, from cutting-edge up to date designs to post-independence India’s modernist buildings, we wish to break the western notion of Indian structure being restricted to the concept of temples, forts and palaces. On the opening of the exhibition, I will even have a dialog with Rosa Rogina–Director, London Competition of Structure, and Amish Tripathi–Creator and Director of Nehru Centre, London. We’ll discuss India’s transformations throughout tradition, politics and literature during the last 5 many years and their affect on the evolution of our nation’s constructed setting.

How have you ever chosen the tasks that will probably be exhibited on the LFA?

The chosen tasks show the transformations which have taken place in India’s constructed setting during the last 5 many years. The exhibition will current various typologies of tasks with sustainability and innovation as their underlying theme. These will vary from larger studying establishments such because the Jawaharlal Nehru College (New Delhi) and Karmapa Worldwide Buddhist Institute (New Delhi) in New Delhi to authorities places of work equivalent to Vallabh Bhawan (Bhopal) to large-scale retail and industrial tasks like the continuing Indian Worldwide Conference Centre (New Delhi).

Conventional vernacular structure was designed maintaining in thoughts the native weather conditions. How can trendy structure borrow from vernacular practices each materially and design-wise?

A climate-sensitive constructed setting is the best way ahead to decelerate the continuing local weather disaster. Vernacular constructing methods usually current essentially the most environment friendly methods to harness daylight, wind and water to create appropriate indoor climates. Subsequently, we make use of many vernacular design methods in our tasks to create climate-sensitive, sustainable buildings.

For instance, in our design of the Gautam Buddha College in Better Noida, the buildings on the campus are oriented alongside the distinguished path of wind circulation to permit ample wind circulation and minimise wind traps. The tutorial buildings are designed with central courtyards that act as mild wells, facilitate passive air flow and improve vegetation cowl. Moreover, the educational blocks are screened by conventional design parts like chhajjas and stone jaalis which can be suspended from the ceiling. These options diffuse the pure mild coming into the buildings, whereas performing as thermal limitations. One other distinguished function of vernacular structure is the usage of native supplies. Subsequently, we now have used local-sourced supplies equivalent to sandstone in constructing facades, thus decreasing emissions as a result of transportation.

A lot of your upcoming tasks are imbibing innovation in design. Inform us extra.

We’re engaged on the celebrated India Worldwide Conference Centre (IICC), below building in Dwarka, New Delhi, and designed in collaboration with IDOM, Spain. The conference centre will host the G20 Summit in 2023 and different worldwide occasions, conferences, exhibitions and commerce exhibits. As soon as full, the mission will even home the world’s largest LED video wall, which will probably be put in on the crown of the multi-facility conference centre. The mission will even home a 20,000-seater grand area with India’s first retractable roof system. With the retractable roof, the stadium can be utilized for varied features, from open-air sports activities matches and concert events to meals festivals and indoor conferences.

We additionally created the India pavilion at Dubai Expo 2020. The constructing was designed with a kinetic facade that features 600 cellular panels which might change instructions based mostly on the solar’s motion. This fashion, daylight within the constructing may be optimised and thus, the constructing’s dependence on synthetic methods is decreased. Furthermore, the rotation of those panels kinds attention-grabbing visible compositions all through the day. Within the evenings, the façade serves as a digital canvas for a vibrant mild and sound present.

You’re designing the East Delhi Hub, India’s first transit-oriented improvement in New Delhi. Inform us extra concerning the mission and the way does it tackle town’s city points?

East Delhi Hub in Karkardooma is an formidable mission that has been designed in affiliation with IDOM, Spain, as India’s first transit-oriented improvement. This improvement will play an essential position in redefining the concept of recent neighbourhoods by creating pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use communities related to the opposite elements of town through high-speed transit networks. It will create vertical neighbourhoods, liberating up a substantial space of open, inexperienced areas horizontally to foster vibrant public areas for various leisure and recreation. The nationwide capital’s tallest skyscraper can be arising inside this improvement.

As one of many nation’s foremost city planners and environmentalists, what do you assume our cities want right this moment to deal with crucial points equivalent to local weather change?

Indian cities are going through a number of urgent challenges that should be addressed urgently — from city migration leading to city sprawl, to elevated journey distances and rising GHG emissions, to housing shortages and burdened city infrastructure. The present mannequin of city planning and development may be in comparison with firefighting, as everyone seems to be working in silos.

In actuality, city points equivalent to transportation, housing, and environmental affect can’t be addressed in isolation. An built-in plan of motion is required to deal with these points holistically and sustainably. We want city-makers, together with architects, city planners, environmentalists, and improvement authorities, to work in tandem with the residents to strategically tackle points and create extra habitable cities.

What’s your imaginative and prescient and hope for India’s constructed setting over the subsequent 50 years?

India’s development as a nation is actually unprecedented. This can be a essential time to imbibe sustainability into all facets of metropolis infrastructure. Subsequently, new interventions in India’s constructed setting should tackle the underlying issues of sustainability and local weather change. To attain India’s purpose of net-zero carbon emissions by 2070, it’s crucial that our cities are created in concord with nature slightly than at the price of it. Moreover, to ensure that the nation to develop extra holistically going ahead, infrastructure improvement ought to transfer from cities, into cities and villages. Within the coming years, India should undertake a balanced strategy when it comes to sustainable improvement of cities, cities and villages.



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